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Since they were childless, Anne became next in line for the crown.

The Stuart Sapphire was set into the front of the crown by Charles II after the Restoration. It is now set into the back of the crown. This jewel has a rather romantic history. James II took it to France with him in 1688, when he was deposed, and for the next 100 years it belonged to the Stuarts. It was inherited by Henry Benedict Stuart, the Cardinal Duke of York, grandson of James II, and remained in his possession until 1807. The Stuart Sapphire was subsequently brought back to England on behalf of its rightful heir, George III. When, in 1810, the latter was declared unfit to reign, the treasure was inherited by his son, George IV. In 1814, he in turn gave it to his daughter, Princess Charlotte of Wales. Charlotte died in childbirth at the age of 21, whereupon George IV took back the jewel and presented it to one of his mistresses, the Marchioness of Conyngham. Lady Conyngham graciously returned the jewel when the king died in 1830.

In 1838, Queen Victoria had the sapphire set into her Imperial State Crown, at the front, below the Black Prince’s ruby. It was reset to the back of the crown in 1909 to make room for the Second Star of Africa, then the second largest diamond in the world.

The priest whose flattery be-dropt the crown, How hurt he you?

Similar, but little or no chocolate in crown; yellow duller.

The Cullinan diamond decorates the brow of the Imperial State Crown, just below the Black Prince’s Ruby. It was found in Africa in 1905, weighing 3601 carats – the largest diamond in the world. Later the Transvaal Government made a gift of the enormous stone to Edward VII who had it cut into several pieces. The largest piece, known as the Cullinan I (The Star of Africa) was set into the King’s sceptre, and the second largest – the Cullinan II (Second Star of Africa) was mounted to the front of the Imperial State Crown.

The Cullinan diamond decorates the brow of the Imperial State Crown, just below the Black Prince’s Ruby. It was found in Africa in 1905, weighing 3601 carats – the largest diamond in the world. Later the Transvaal Government made a gift of the enormous stone to Edward VII who had it cut into several pieces. The largest piece, known as the Cullinan I (The Star of Africa) was set into the King’s sceptre, and the second largest – the Cullinan II (Second Star of Africa) was mounted to the front of the Imperial State Crown.