The three historical lands of the Czech Republic (formerly the core countries of the Bohemian Crown) correspond almost prefectly with the river basins of the (: ) and the basin for Bohemia, the Morava one for Moravia, and the Oder river basin for Czech Silesia (in terms of the Czech territory).
Although the history of the Czech Republic itself is quite short, since the country has only existed in complete autonomy since 1993, Czech and Slovak history dates back to the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy of the 19th and early 20th century or even further to the Great Moravia or Samo’s Empire in the 7th century. But it was only after the First World War with the collapse of Austria-Hungary that both the Czechs and the Slovaks received their freedom from the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. At that point however, they choose to band together and form Czechoslovakia, a completely new country at that point in history.
With the coming of the Second World War, Czechoslovakia was occupied by the Germans as part of the policy of appeasement and after the war it fell under the influence of the USSR. This continued both by Communist coercion and by actual force in certain situations until 1989, when the Communist government in Czechoslovakia was deposed in a peaceful revolution. In 1993, the country split into Czech and Slovakian elements and in 1999 the Czech Republic joined NATO. It has been a member of the European Union since 2004 and has arrived on the world scene much to the delight of the millions of tourists that visit the country each year.
The Czech Republic was created when Slovakia, on Jan. 1st 1992, declared independence, thus causing
the disintegration of Czechoslovakia. |
Czech Republic since 1993
For the earlier history of the Czech Republic see under :
History of Bohemia (900-1918); History of Moravia (900-1918); History of Austrian Silesia (1742-1918)
History of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown (1300-1918)
History of Czechoslovakia (1918-1991)
Regional Histories : Sudetenland
Historical Atlas : Bohemia / Czech Republic, Lands of the Bohemian Crown, Czechoslovakia Pages