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Old colonial system, 1660-1754.

The Fall of the Old Colonial System: A Study in British Free Trade 1770-1870

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The Old Colonial System Intro - YouTube

By the middle of the eighteenth century the old colonial system had reached its palmiest days. The French threat to the American colonies had been parried; the French colonies in Canada had been ceded to Britain; the East India Company was successfully trading with the still independent Indian princes and increasing its political power; in the West Indies the power of Spain had long been overcome. But already there had grown up a confusion of ideas which was bound to bring trouble and breakdown later. Colonies could be looked at chiefly as a means of providing a profitable trade for the mother country, encouraging the mercantile fleet and so strengthening her naval power, and supplying her with raw materials 'which an independent state might refuse. This was the purely mercantile and Strategic way of looking at colonies. On the other hand, to the colonists themselves, especially to those who had gone overseas to escape religious or political persecution, like the Puritans, the Jacobites, the Catholics, or the Quakers, the colonies offered a new homeland in themselves; a homeland to be built up on its own lines and by no means as a mere auxiliary to Great Britain. Nowadays the first idea, a good deal changed but still recognizable, holds its own in the tropical colonies, where Englishmen go primarily as administrator and traders but not to settle; the second has come to fruit i the self-governing dominions of the British Commonwealth of Nations. Great Britain may almost be said to hay two Empires, run on totally different lines. In one she is a partner, in the other a ruler. But in the eighteenth century the two ideas were not separated. They did no mix well either economically or politically. The politic issue is not our business here, but it should be remembered that in trying to regulate the economic development of North America Great Britain was dealing with people whose political ideas were those of rebellion and individualism, and who were often colonists for that very reason.

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The Old Colonial System Intro Chase Machen

Last edited by ImportBot
December 19, 2011 | History

The Old Colonial System, 1660-1763 - D

My argument is as follows. Between the 1770s and the early years of the nineteenth century, Portuguese trade with Brazil and Brazil-based foreign trade, which benefited from the adversity that beset other colonial empires, grew five-fold. Large imports of sugar, cotton, and tobacco from Brazil led to unprecedented reexports of tropical groceries to European ports such as Hamburg and Genoa and generated a large trade surplus; this also meant an increase in the export of foodstuffs and manufactured goods to Brazil. Despite some fluctuations and the risks of the international situation, the prosperity of this trading system lasted until 1807, when French troops occupied Portugal to enforce the Continental System; the royal family escaped to Rio de Janeiro, where the court was established, and the trade with Brazil was discontinued, forcing the government to open Brazilian ports to foreign ships. This brought about the collapse of the old colonial system that had united Portugal and Brazil.

My argument is as follows. Between the 1770s and the early years of the nineteenth century, Portuguese trade with Brazil and Brazil-based foreign trade, which benefited from the adversity that beset other colonial empires, grew five-fold. Large imports of sugar, cotton, and tobacco from Brazil led to unprecedented reexports of tropical groceries to European ports such as Hamburg and Genoa and generated a large trade surplus; this also meant an increase in the export of foodstuffs and manufactured goods to Brazil. Despite some fluctuations and the risks of the international situation, the prosperity of this trading system lasted until 1807, when French troops occupied Portugal to enforce the Continental System; the royal family escaped to Rio de Janeiro, where the court was established, and the trade with Brazil was discontinued, forcing the government to open Brazilian ports to foreign ships. This brought about the collapse of the old colonial system that had united Portugal and Brazil.