The emperor of the era, the friend of Allah, the chief of the universe, Imam-e-Zamana (a.t.f.s.) has forcefully stressed the importance of reciting Ziyarate Aashoora in his letters and sayings.
Shaheed-e-Mehraab, Ayatullah Dastghaib Shirazi (r.a.) narrates an incident from Ayatullah Uzma Shaikh Abdul Kareem Haayeree (r.a.), the founder of the Hauz-e-Ilmiyyah in Qum. Haayeree (r.a.) narrates, 'I was residing in Samarrah to pursue religious studies. Once, the city was struck by a deadly plague. Scores of people were dying every day. During those days, a group of religious scholars had gathered at the house of our teacher late Syed Mohammed Fesharki (r.a.). At that time, Mirza Mohammed Taqi (r.a.) too came in that meeting. The talk turned towards the topic of plague and the devastation it was causing in terms of loss of lives. Marhoom Mirza Taqi (r.a.) said, "If I command you to perform an action will all of you obey me?" Everyone replied "Yes, of course, we will obey whatever you say." Marhoom Mirza (r.a.) then ordered "Tell every momin of Samarrah to recite Ziyarate Aashoora for the next ten days and to gift the reward of the Ziyarat to the soul of the mother of Imam-e-Zamana (a.t.f.s.), Nargis Khatoon (s.a) so that the people remain safe from this disease." All those who were present in that gathering passed this information to the mominin of Samarrah, who all began reciting Ziyarate Aashoora. From the very next day, there was no news of any momin death. Only the news of the death of other than mominin was being reported. Gradually they realized this and asked some of their momin friends as to the reason that why none from the mominin were dying of plague. They said that they were reciting Ziyarate Aashoora. On hearing this, they too began reciting the Ziyarat. Consequently, they too were secured from the perilous effects of the plague.'
|Ziyarat Ashura of Imam Hussain (as) or Ziyarat-e-Ashora or Ziyarat-e-Ashura|
The great and pious jurist, Shaikh Jawad b. Shaikh Mashkoor (late), was a leading jurist of Najaf who died at the age of 90 years in 1337 A.H. He is buried next to his father in a room in the blessed courtyard of the grave of Ameerul Momineen (a.s.). This great scholar dreamt in the night of 26 Safar 1332 A.H in which he saw Hazrat Izraeel - the angel of death (a.s.). He did salaam to the angel of death and asked him from where he was coming. The angel of death replied 'I am coming from Shiraz after having seized the soul (Ruh) of Mirza Ibrahim Mehlaaki.' Shaikh asked him 'In what condition is his soul in Barzakh?' The angel of death replied 'He is residing in the most beautiful garden and is in the best of the conditions. Allah has appointed 1,000 angels at his beck and call.' Shaikh asked him 'For which action has he received such a great reward - for his high level of knowledge? Or for the large number of students he had trained?' The angel of death replied, 'For none of these reasons'. Shaikh asked, 'Then for leading the congregational prayers and explaining the religious laws to the people?' The angel of death replied in the negative. So Shaikh asked, 'Then on what basis did he receive such a great position?' The angel of death said 'For reciting Ziyarate Aashoora.' Mirza Mehlaaki recited Ziyarate Aashoora regularly in the last 30 years of his life. And if due to an illness or any other reason, he was unable to recite the Ziyarat, then he would appoint a representative to recite the Ziyarat on his behalf.'
Safwan (r.a) narrates that Angel Jibraeel (a.s.) conveyed this Ziyarat to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) on divine command. We will narrate this incident in detail in the end of this article. What is important at this point is to appreciate that this Ziyarat is Hadithe Qudsi and it has reached Imam Baqir (a.s.) through his noble ancestors who received it from Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a). Imam Baqir (a.s.) made 'public' this Ziyarat for the first time. This is because like all other divine laws that were delayed, the delay in the communication of Ziyarate Aashoora in the public domain also had a divine rationale.